May 19, 2009
Europe and U.S. bear special responsibility for food crisis, new report finds
Key steps identified to shift course and create a just and sustainable global food system
Brussels/Minneapolis/Geneva – Policies enacted by the United States and the European Union, and aggressively pushed through global institutions during the last several decades, laid the ground for the ongoing food crisis, finds a new report by CIDSE, an international alliance of Catholic development agencies, and the Institute for Agriculture Policy (IATP). Nearly 1 billion people are currently suffering from hunger around the world and the economic crisis is increasing this number, worsening the situation by the day.
The report identified the convergence of the food, economic and climate crises as indicators that call into question the viability of existing models of food production and consumption. The report highlights policy failures including neglected agriculture programs, ill-advised economic adjustment policies, commodity speculation and unjust trade rules that have led to a vulnerable global food system.
“The EU and U.S. need to work with developing country governments to empower small-holder farmers. A new generation of sustainable agriculture policies is needed to provide for an urgently needed balance between economic profitability and socio-ecological justice, preventing a scramble for natural resources. This is vital to ensure female and male small scale producers, women-led households and landless workers can attain a decent livelihood,” said Bernd Nilles, CIDSE Secretary General.
“The EU and U.S. need to contribute to, rather than block, the establishment of an entirely new global model for food and agriculture—one that is housed at the U.N. but includes non-state actors and mobilises all forces to eradicate hunger,” said Alexandra Spieldoch, director of IATP’s Trade and Global Governance program and co-author of the report.
The paper makes a series of recommendations for U.S. and EU policymakers that could be implemented at a number of upcoming international meetings this year that address the food crisis.
Key recommendations include:
- An inclusive and binding global partnership for agriculture and food security that strengthens U.N. agencies, involves non-state actors and has a strong mandate;
- A substantial increase in aid for agriculture, delivered in line with the right to food;
- Respect for the multifunctionality of agriculture including ecological and social sustainability, access to land and water for small scale producers and greater use of local seed varieties;
- Measures to address price volatility, including food reserves and tight regulation on speculation; and
- A shift in trade policies away from the quest for market access for European and U.S. agribusiness firms.
Cliona Sharkey, CIDSE Policy & Advocacy Officer, email@example.com, +32 2 223 37 51
Ben Lilliston, IATP (Minneapolis), firstname.lastname@example.org, 612-870-3416
Read the report here